The Retina is the innermost layer of the eye and it receives the light rays entering it. The retina contains a nerve called the optic nerve that sends and receives messages from the brain.
The Macula is a small portion of the retina that specializes for seeing fine details. It is responsible for the sharp vision of the eye that is required for reading, writing and differentiating colors.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
It is, as the name suggests, an eye complication caused by diabetes. Diabetic Retinopathy includes all the diseases that affect the retina, the light-sensitive part of the eye, caused by diabetes.
Diabetes can cause eye problems that can lead to blindness as it affects the retina mostly. Patients suffering from diabetes have a higher risk of blindness from eye complications when compared to those without diabetes.
Diabetic Retinopathy can occur in any patient suffering Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The longer a patient has had diabetes and the less controlled the blood sugar, then the patient has a higher chance of contracting this disease.
Patients with diabetic retinopathy typically do not experience any symptoms in the beginning. As the condition worsens, the following symptoms might be displayed,
Types of Diabetic Retinopathy
There are two types of Diabetic Retinopathy:
Other Diabetic Eye Complications
Another complication of the eye caused by diabetes is Cataract. It is the clouding of the eye lens. The early stages of cataract can be treated with the help of eyeglasses, as the condition progresses surgery is essential to treat cataracts.
There are various methods of surgery mostly involving the removal of the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. Patients affected by diabetes are recommended to have a regular eye checkup every 6 months or more, depending on the condition of the eyes.
Diabetic retinopathy can be diagnosed with the help of the following methods,
Once the doctor confirms the diagnosis, various methods of treatment are available for those affected by diabetic retinopathy. These methods include,
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