What is it?
Neuro-Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with eye disorders that are caused by the defects in the visual pathway. Visual data from the eyes is transmitted to the visual center in the brain through this pathway.
Some of the issues in the visual pathway can cause vision problems such as sudden loss of vision, gradual loss of vision or double vision due to abnormal movement of the eyes.
Some of the disorders that are treated under this branch of medicine are:
Optic Neuritis (Due to Inflammation)
This type of Optic neuritis is the main cause of a defective visual pathway that is the swelling of the optic nerve due to inflammation. The severity of inflammation of the optic nerve leads to vision problems ranging from a decrease in vision to total blindness. Optic neuritis mostly occurs suddenly.
The signs and symptoms for optic neuritis usually includes,
Diagnostic methods such as color vision, side vision, and the reaction of the pupil to light are done to confirm the condition.
Treatment for optic neuritis includes medications along with intravenous drugs is administered to regain vision in most cases.
Diagnostic methods such as CT scan, MRI scan, etc. are performed in order to identify the cause of swelling of the nerve.
Treatment for this condition is to prevent severe vision loss as well as to restore existing vision. Therefore, the best defense is an early diagnosis as the cause can be identified and treated preventing further damage
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